Throughout history, man has either voluntarily or forcibly moved from one area to another in a quest for benefit or an escape from harm. The specific reasons are innumerable. Here we’ll look at one, man’s migration towards Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

Firstly, its definition:

As for its linguistic meaning, the root word ‘hajara’ is the opposite of ‘connection,’ and it means to severe ties with something, and the word ‘hijrah’ is in the hadith: “Abandonment (hijrah) of someone beyond three days is not allowed.”

As for it’s meaning in the Shari’ah, Ibn Hajar has mentioned that hijrah is of two types:

  1. The inner (of deeds) – to leave that which the soul which commands evil and the Shaytaan call to, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The Muslim is the one who protects the Muslims from his tongue and hand, and the muhajir is the one who abandons that which Allah has forbidden.
  2. The outer (of place) – to flee with ones deen from tribulations, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)) said: “Hijrah will not cease until repentance ceases, and repentance will not cease until the sun rises from the West.”

We will first begin with discussing the first type of hijrah, the inner, for verily its result and manifestation is usually the latter, and Allaah knows best.

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